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Abstract            Volume:11  Issue-4  Year-2023         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Home Care Management of Diabetes
Prabha Kharel*
Nepalgunj Nursing Campus, Nepalgunj, Nepal
*Corresponding author

Introduction: According to a report by World Health Organization (WHO) Diabetes Mellitus (DM) caused 1.5 million deaths in 2012, making it the 8th leading cause of death globally and another 2.2 million deaths worldwide due to increased risk of cardiovascular and other diseases by higher-than-optimal blood glucose level in the body, which often leads to premature death. DM is primarily a disease of self-management. In the low and middle income countries, the impact of DM is largely unrecognized. At international and national level, awareness about the public health and clinical important of diabetes remains low. Education in self management of diabetes can improve many important outcomes, such as diabetes knowledge and self-care behaviours. Studies have shown that DM self-management and improved self-care behaviours are associated with improved metabolic control. So the health care professionals’ role is to educate the community people about diet, exercise, insulin, care of foot, drugs and raise awareness regarding home management of DM. Simple home care and management can help to prevent and manage DM. The aim of the present study is to assess the effectiveness of self- instructional module on knowledge regarding home care management of diabetes among diabetes patients from selected community area of Bangalore. Materials and Methods: A quantitative approach and a pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test research design were selected for this study. Settings of the study were Narayanpura, Bangalore, Karnataka, India. The samples were 60 adults who met the inclusion criteria and they were selected by purposive sampling technique was used to select the samples for the study. The tool includes socio-demographic profile and self-administered knowledge questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge regarding home care management of diabetes among diabetes patients. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: In pre-test, the majority 36 (60%) of the subjects had inadequate knowledge and 24 (40%) of them had moderate knowledge and in the post-test, majority 41 (68.3%) had adequate knowledge 19 (31.7%) obtained moderate knowledge regarding home care management of DM. The Mean±SD of pre and post test was 16.88±3.7 and 30.12±2.9 respectively and it was found statistically significant. Conclusion: This finding of the study indicates that in the pre-test, majority of the respondents had inadequate knowledge, where in the post test majority the subject had gained knowledge after administration of Self Instructional Module (SIM), enhancing the knowledge of the diabetic patient regarding home care management of DM.

Keywords: Self Instructional Module, Diabetes patients, knowledge on home care management of Diabetes.
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How to cite this article:

Prabha Kharel. 2023. Effectiveness of Self- Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Home Care Management of Diabetes.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 11(4): 1-12
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2023.1104.001
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.