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Abstract            Volume:4  Issue-4  Year-2016         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Antileishmanial activity of inosine analogs on promastigote forms of Iraqi Leishmanial species
Husain F. Hassan* and Iman N. Mahmood
Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Kirkuk, Iraq
*Corresponding author

The growth inhibitory effects of inosine analogs, allopurinol, thiopurinol, allopurinol riboside, formycin B, thioformycin B, 7-deazainosine, 9-deazainosine, 8-azainosine and thio-7-deazainosine were tested against promastigotes of Leishmania tropica, L.major and L.donovani. All ten analogs were active against all the three species. The efficacy and metabolism of the formycin B, allopurinol riboside, 7-deazainosine and 9-deazainosine in leishmanial species were evaluated. These analogs affect several metabolic processes. First, is the increased catabolism of RNA and consequent reduction of protein synthesis. Second, inhibition of adenosine kinase, adenylosuccinate synthetase and adenylosuccinate lyase which reduces the organisms ability to synthesize ATP. Third, inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase and GMP reductase ought to be sufficient to half the interconversion of adenine nucleotides to guanine nucleotides and vice versa. The results suggests that such inosine analogs may have promise as antileishmanial agents.

Keywords: Antileishmanial activity,inosine analogs,promastigote forms,Leishmanial species
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How to cite this article:

Husain F. Hassan and Iman N. Mahmood. 2016. Antileishmanial activity of inosine analogs on promastigote forms of Iraqi Leishmanial species.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(4): 215-224
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.404.027
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.