IJCRAR is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCRAR Articles.

INDEXED IN INDEX COPERNICUS - ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCRAR--ICV 2016: 81.15 For more details click here

Abstract            Volume:12  Issue-3  Year-2024         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Performances of Introduced Bread Wheat Germplasm Under Ethiopian Conditions
Gadisa Alemu1*, Alemu Dabi1, Negash Geleta1, Berhanu Sime1, Ruth Duga1, Abebe Delesa1, Demeke Zewdu1, Cherinet Kasahun1, Tafesse Solomon1, Habtemariam Zegaye1, Abebe Getamesay1, Dawit Asnake1, Bayisa Asefa1, Bekele Abeyo2, Ayele Badebo2 and Tilahun Bayisa3
1EIAR, Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Asella, Ethiopia
2CIMMYT, P.O. Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
3Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

The study was conducted at Kulumsa, Sinana, Adet, Debra Zeit, and Holeta, Ethiopia from 2018 to 2021. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the introduced genotypes of CIMMYT and ICARDA for their adaptation, yield performance, disease resistance, and stress tolerance under the conditions in Ethiopia. The International wheat breeding programs of CGIAR centers played a crucial role in providing germplasm for bread wheat varietal development in Ethiopia. This germplasm helped in the development of new high-yield and resistant wheat varieties to overcome the recurring rust epidemic in the country and to rehabilitate the agricultural sector. The national wheat research program continued to support the country in releasing new varieties developed and field-tested through intensive research programs. These new varieties are generating reliable yields in different environments and showing excellent performance. The development of the varieties focused on their maturing groups (early, medium, and late), adaptability to different agroecological conditions, quality, and cultivation systems such as irrigation. To develop the resistant cultivar, over 8175 bread wheat germplasm from CIMMYT (6405) and ICARDA (170) sources were evaluated in Ethiopia since 2018, requested by the national wheat research programs, of which 1695 (26.46%) lines were selected from CIMMYT and 235 (13.28%) were selected from ICARDA. From the 8175 introduced genotypes, 1932 (23.63%) were selected and advanced to the next stage of cultivar development based on their combined disease resistance and agronomic traits.

Keywords: Adaptation, CIMMYT, Development, ICARDA, National, Variety, Yield performance
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Gadisa Alemu, Alemu Dabi, Negash Geleta, Berhanu Sime, Ruth Duga, Abebe Delesa, Demeke Zewdu, Cherinet Kasahun, Tafesse Solomon, Habtemariam Zegaye, Abebe Getamesay, Dawit Asnake, Bayisa Asefa, Bekele Abeyo, Ayele Badebo and Tilahun Bayisa. 2024. Performances of Introduced Bread Wheat Germplasm Under Ethiopian Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 12(3): 64-74
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2024.1203.008
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.