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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-6  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Innovation Technology of Grafting Seed on Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis). Create Longer Life of Plant In Gowa District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia
Zulkifli Razak*
Agribusiness Department, Faculty of Agricultural, University "45 Makassar Jl. Urip Sumoharjo Km. 4 Makassar 90245, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of study is to introduced technology of applied grafting seed on Passionfruit, in order to create a longer life of plant., will give a higher amount of production compared with plants developed from seeds of purple passion fruit (passiflora edulis). This technological innovation is an activity to see the real effect of seed connection with the variables age, longer life, crop production is higher than single plants from seed (seedling). Innovation technology study was conducted in July to December 2014 in Silanggaya Village, Tombolo Pao Sub District, Gowa District. South Sulawesi. It was applied randomised parallel-group study. The unique of this passionfruit (Passiflora edulis) which is became icons of South Sulawesi, it has the advantage with a more distinctive taste (sour-sweet) had high levels of vitamin A and C and have high deman for export. Passionfruit (Passiflora .edulis) is known to be sensitive to local passionfruit nematodes and resulted in only reaching age of 1 to 2 years old, therefor it needs to be made by using a seed grafting rootstock resistant to nematodes while using scion passiflora edulis that tastes unique by means of grafting. Various activities have been carried out include: survey and identification of candidate varieties of passiflora edulis parent tree to be used as source of scion and rootstock which is connected with the yellow passion fruit or passion fruit called Konyal (Passiflora ligularis Juss). Based on the results of separate studies have found through identification based on morphology and molecular marker applications, it has acquired the kinds of varieties with superior potential as a high-quality production and has high juice content are potential to be used as rootstock (understem) with a strong rooting system. It is expected that the next stage will be made observations Passiflora edulis entres farm that is almost extinct and rootstock of various improved varieties, rootstock and seeds as the result of this connection, and in the end will be proposed for the release of varieties, so the acceleration of the expansion activity of passion fruit planting area in South Sulawesi can be accomplished. The results of a separate study has found 13 different accessions originating from two different places in South Sulawesi, such as Gowa District and Tana Toraja District. Differences based on morphology can be seen from the leaves, flowers and fruit. Even this exploration results identified the presence or konyal accession sweet passion fruit (P. ligularis Juss) which has potential as a rootstock. The passionfruit has a wide adaptability, because as the result of the observations that can be grown in both lowland and upland. Differences based on molecular markers (Competitive Grants scheme) using specific primers ISSR, to 13 accessions, can form two main groups namely the purple passion fruit plant "purple passion fruit (P. edulis f. Edulis Sims) and the yellow passion fruit plants" yellow passion fruit (P. flavicarpa Deg.) as group I and sweet passion fruit plants or konyal (P. ligularis Juss) as group II. Group I formed two sub-groups that distinguish between purple passion fruit with yellow passion fruit. Base the results of this innovation activities in the hamlet of farmers Passionfruit at Silanggaya Village, Tombolo Pao Sub District, Gowa District has begun to adopt splicing technology seeds as they begin to believe in will be able to extend the plant life and the passion fruit will give a higher amount of production compared with plants developed from seeds of purple passion fruit (passiflora edulis). It is characterized by enthusiastic farmers to grow passion fruit rootstock Konyal (P.linguaris) and seedling them as rootstock while Purple Passion (P. edulis) is well maintained for entris source for scion.

Keywords: Grafting passion fruit seed, increasing production and longer life of passion fruit plant.
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How to cite this article:

Zulkifli Razak. 2016. Innovation Technology of Grafting Seed on Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis). Create Longer Life of Plant In Gowa District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(6): 128-134
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.406.014