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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-8  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Thriving at High Temperatures: Molecular Adaptations in Hyperthermophic Microorganisms
Raj Kumar Pandey1*, Anjul Rana1, Priyanka Sharma2, Rajesh Kumar Pathak3, Meenakshi Rana4 and Lakshmi Tewari1
1Department of Microbiology, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University Nainital, Uttarakhand, India
3Department of MBGE, College of Basic Sciences and Humanities, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
4Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Hyperthermophilic microorgnisms thrive at high or very high temperature ranges, were first described in 1981 with the optimal temperatures higher than 800C. They are now in focus due to their unique thermo-stable enzymatic systems. The survival of these microbes at these high temperature ranges (800C or above) is highly correlated with the thermo-adaption molecular mechanisms, which ultimately help to combat with thermal inactivity of the cell components.  The review focuses on a brief understanding about molecular part of the thermal stability of hyperthermophilic microbes, by   concentrating on the genome and proteome levels. The mechanisms are very helpful in various biotechnological and fermentation processes as these processes most of the times carried out in high temperatures, thus requires thermostable enzyme systems.

Keywords: Hyperthermophiles, Molecular adaptations, Thermostability, Proteome,Genome.
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How to cite this article:

Raj Kumar Pandey, Anjul Rana, Priyanka Sharma, Rajesh Kumar Pathak, Meenakshi Rana and Lakshmi Tewari. 2016. Thriving at High Temperatures: Molecular Adaptations in Hyperthermophic Microorganisms.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(8): 45-51
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.408.004