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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-10  Year-2016          Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Production of Bio-Oil in Nigeria: Challenges and Prospects
Julius C. Ahiekpor1,2*, Ayoade O. Kuye3 and Osei-Wusu Achaw2
1World Bank Centre of Excellence, Institute of Petroleum Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria
2Chemical Engineering Department, Kumasi Technical University, Ghana
3Chemical Engineering Department, University of Port Harcourt, River state, Nigeria
*Corresponding author

The Biofuels Policy and Incentives of Nigeria and the Petroleum Technology Development Fund (PTDF) provide opportunities for converting waste lignocellolusic materials to bio-oil. This paper evaluates the technical challenges that confront the production of bio-oil from locally sourced materials in Nigeria using fast pyrolysis. The paper illustrates fast pyrolysis process; highlighting the different types of reactors available for the process and establishes their comparative advantages and limitations. The design of reactor, workshop for fabrication of equipment, operation, feedstock supply and improving the bio-oil quality and yield, were identified as major constraints to the production of bio-oil locally. This paper concludes that adopting a learning curve approach through research by the design, fabrication, operation and optimization of bench scale pyrolysis systems can serve as a basis to understand and solve the challenges associated with fast pyrolysis such as heat supply and heating rate, char removal, rapid vapour cooling, and vapour residence time.

Keywords: Bio-oil, lignocellolusic, biomass,fast pyrolysis,challenges,Nigeria
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How to cite this article:

Julius C. Ahiekpor, Ayoade O. Kuye and Osei-Wusu Achaw. 2016. Production of Bio-Oil in Nigeria: Challenges and ProspectsInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(10): 47-57
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.410.006