IJCRAR is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCRAR Articles.

Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-10  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Incidence of Bacillus cereus in Food and Environmental Sources in Basrah / Iraq. Antibiotic Resistance Profiles of Recovered Isolates
AL-Hadithi, T. Hadeel1, 3* and Ali, K. Entesar*          
1Biology Dept / College of Science / Univ. of Basrah
2Poly techniques / Basrah Medical Institute
3Faculty of Pharmacy / Isra University / Amman / Jordan
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Two hundred and fifty five samples were collected from food (N= 210), surface water (N=20) and soil (N=25) at Basrah Governate/Iraq. Samples were cultured on the selective medium Mannitol-Egg Yolk Polymyxin B Agar (MYPA). Identification was confirmed by Gram staining, biochemical tests and resistance to penicillin. B. cereus was recovered from sixty six samples: Fifty two (24.76%) from food and fourteen (31.1%) from environmental sources. The highest percentage recovery of B. cereus was from soil (36%), followed by infant milk (30%) and the least was from white cheese and raw vegetables (20% each). More than 80% of B. cereus isolates from all sources were resistant to carbencillin, cephalothin and ampicillin. The least resistance was against erythromycin, gentamycin, chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid and sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim. Of sixty six B cereus identified in food and environment samples; fifty isolates (75.7%) were found resistant demonstrating eight patterns of resistance ranging from one to all antibiotics.

Keywords: Bacillus cereus,Food,Soil,Water,Antibiotic resistance patterns.
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How to cite this article:

AL-Hadithi, T. Hadeel and Ali, K. Entesar. 2016. Incidence of Bacillus cereus in Food and Environmental Sources in Basrah / Iraq. Antibiotic Resistance Profiles of Recovered IsolatesInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(10): 117-127
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.410.014