Abstract Volume:5 Issue-7 Year-2017 Original Research Articles
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2Nodal office, National consortium for PhD Nursing, St. Johns College of Nursing, Bangalore-34, Karnataka, India
Millions of children live in the streets of cities scattered all over the world. In 2004, out of the total juveniles, the share of homeless children who were involved in various crimes was just 7.5 percent. Life skills refer to the competencies that an individual needs for sustaining and enriching life. WHO (1993) accordingly life skills are defined as “abilities for adaptive and positive behavior that enables individuals to deal effectively with the demands and challenges of everyday life”. Various psychosocial factors and skill deficits leads to low self-esteem, poor communication skills and problem solving skills, poor decision making skills and lack of assertiveness were found to be linked with delinquency, school dropouts, smoking, drug abuse, teenage pregnancy, suicidal thoughts and health problems. Learning of life skills essentially help to promote mental wellbeing. This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Life Skills Training package (LSTP) on Life Skills, Self Esteem, Quality of Life and Academic Performance of children residing in selected orphanages This study adopted a Quasi-experimental Pretest-posttest control group design. The present study was conducted at Sri Kanyakumari Gurukulam Girls Home, Alamelupuram, Karunkulam, Tamil Nadu and Rehoboth Happy girls Home, Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu. Children with age twelve years to eighteen years old comprise the sample for the present study, totally 20 girls were selected randomly, 10 from each orphanages were assigned to experimental group, and control group. Data was collected using Socio-demographic data sheet, Life Skills Scale, Vranda MN, (2007); Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Rosenberg, M. (1965); WHOQOL- BREF-26 and Academic record of the children. In the experimental group the Mean and SD of the pretest score in LSS 384.4±35.3 indicates that children have low life skills whereas after the LSTP the post test score 441.2±52.1 revealed higher life skills and in the control group the pretest score in LSS 314.9±35.1 and post test score was 315.6±30.1 indicates lower life skills. Higher scores in the experimental group showed mastery over the life skills among children in orphanages In the experimental group the Mean and SD of the pretest score in SES 16.9±3.4 where as in the post test score it was 20.1±3.4 revealed higher scores, Higher self-esteem and in the control group the pretest score was 13.9±2.9 and the post test score was 14.8±2.7. In the experimental group the Mean and SD of the pretest score in QOL was 94.7±12.9 after the LSTP intervention higher score 100.6±13.9 denotes that higher quality of life and in the control group the pretest score was 77.7±7.3 and the post test score was 74.8±6.2 Between group comparison revealed that the total score of life skills, there is significant difference (p<0.001) at all the levels of assessments (pre, post-I, II, III, IV) of the children between experimental and control group. With respect to self-esteem except pre test scores (p<0.05), and post assessments were found to be significant (p<0.001). The total score of quality of life have significant difference (p<0.001) at all the levels of assessments (pre, post-I, II, III, IV) between experimental and control group. In this present study the finding revealed a significant improvement in the Life skills, Self-esteem, Quality of life for the children in experimental group who attended the Life Skills Training Package.
How to cite this article:Joseph Jeganathan and Reddemma, K. 2017. Preliminary Results from a Pilot Study on Effectiveness of Life Skills Training Package (LSTP) on Life Skills, Self Esteem, Quality of Life and Academic Performance among Children Residing in Selected Orphanages, Tamil NaduInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 5(7): 33-37