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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-2  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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A Comparative Study of Lipid Profile in Vegetarians and Fish eaters of Selected Areas in Coastal Karnataka, India

Asha Prabhu1,3, Manjula Shantaram2,3* and H.P.Kedilaya1

1Department of Biochemistry, Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, Srinivasnagar, Mukka, Surathkal, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2Department of Studies in Biochemistry, PG Centre, Mangalore University, Chikka Aluvara, Kodagu, Karnataka, India
3Yenepoya University, Mangalore, Dakshina Kannada, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Dietary intake of fish is associated with reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the contradictory statements on the beneficial effect of fish are the main rationale of this study. The study was conducted on general population consuming vegetarian diet and fish diet. The lipid parameters of 32 vegetarian and 30 fish eating population of age group 25-40 years were studied by estimating Total Cholesterol (TC), HDL- Cholesterol (HDL-C) and Triglycerides (TG). LDL- Cholesterol (LDL-C), Non HDL-C and the risk ratios TC: HDL-C, LDL-C: HDL-C and Non HDL-C: HDL-C was calculated. Lipid parameters between two groups were compared using statistical tests.  Significant difference was observed between HDL-C, TG, Non HDL-C,  TC: HDL-C, LDL-C: HDL-C and Non HDL-C: HDL-C. The levels of TC and LDL-C were decreased in fish eating population. The study concludes that fish diet has a definite beneficial effect over the vegetarian diet in the age group of 25-40 years.

Keywords: Fish diet,Vegetarians, Cholesterol, Lipoproteins, Triglycerides, Cardiovascular diseases
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How to cite this article:

Asha Prabhu, Manjula Shantaram and H.P.Kedilaya. 2016. A  Comparative Study of Lipid Profile in Vegetarians and Fish eaters of Selected Areas in Coastal Karnataka, India.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(2): 164-169
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.402.020