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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-4  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Comparison of Exclusive and Non Exclusive Breast Feeding with the Incidence of Allergic Rhinitis in Children
Mulya Safri1*, Muhammad Dipi Abdillah2, Aulia Rahman Putra3, Benny Kurnia4 and Muhsin2
1Department of Child Health Syiah Kuala University, Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
2Faculty of Medicine, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
3Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
4Department of Head Neck Surgery Syiah Kuala University, Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Allergic rhinitis is common chronic disease in children and the incidence increases in children aged over 5 years. Exclusive breastfeeding may reduce the risk of allergic rhinitis due to its anti-allergen and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to find the difference between children who were exclusively breastfed and did not exclusively breastfed to the incidence of allergic rhinitis in children. This analytic comparative with cross sectional study was conducted in Dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital, Banda Aceh. Data collected from medical records and questionnaires completed by parents. A total of 35 children aged 5 to 18 years were collected using accidental sampling. The results shown 20 (57.1%) children had a history of exclusive breastfeeding and 15 (42.9%) children had a history of non-exclusive breastfeeding. About 22 (62.9 %) children suffering from intermittent allergic rhinitis, while other 13 (37.1 %) children suffering persistent allergic rhinitis. Fisher’s exact test results shown statistically significant difference between Exclusive breastfeeding and non-exclusive breastfeeding to the incidence of allergic rhinitis in children aged 5 to 18 years (P=0.005; OR 6.9 95% CI 1.78-26.85). In conclusion, children with a history of exclusive breastfeeding had a lower frequency of allergic rhinitis symptoms. It is suggested that children with a moderate or high risk of allergy to be given exclusive breast feeding in the first 6 months of life to reduce the incidence of allergic rhinitis in the future.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis,Exclusive breast feeding,Children aged 5-18 years
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How to cite this article:

Mulya Safri, Muhammad Dipi Abdillah, Aulia Rahman Putra, Benny Kurnia and Muhsin. 2018. Comparison of Exclusive and Non Exclusive Breast Feeding with the Incidence of Allergic Rhinitis in Children.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(4): 15-19
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.604.003