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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-4  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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The Role of Credit on Marginal People Livelihood Improvement the Case of Essara, Tocha and Maraka Districts, Dawuro Zone Snnprs, Ethiopia
Alemayehu Asfaw Amamo
Department of Agribusiness and Value Chain Management, Wolaita Sodo University, P.O. Box 138, Wolaita, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Manja is one of the ethnic group in Dawuro zone and those ethnic group originated from kafa zone of southern nation nationalities and peoples regional state in its early history were they originated. The ethnic group was considered in Dawuro zone as minority because for long period of time their livelihood was poor and marginalized, culturally “Manja” ignore themselves from the native Dawuro “they have their own culture and religion” the ethinic group in Dawuro zone vulnerable for identity complex and their voices was may not heard in terms of representative delegation in different government organization like political positions. Very few educated Manja family was and is given emphasis to be employed in government organization since 1990 and even the number of educated people in the ethinic group was irrelevant. The core problem that incite to conduct the current research with respective zone was pivoted to the economic problem of Manja class, awareness gap of the respective body in the community on poverty alleviation of Manja class, cultural and religious respects in the community and the existing factors that hinder credit accessibility and credit opportunity for the minorities. To this end 90 house hold head purposively selected from three district of the zone and by using discursive statistics factors that affecting credit accessibility opportunity on minorities and the role of credit on minority income generation to improve their livelihood as specific objectives analyzed. 94.4% and 96.7% were lack credit accessibility and requested collateral to obtain credit from legal credit providing organizations. 91.1% of the respondent does not own fixed asset and only 5.6% owns very few fixed asset and 3.3% even doesn’t know about fixed asset. 75.6% income source was selling fair wood, 17.8% was engaged employing as daily laborer and 6.7% engaged on farming. Therefore the current research finding indicates that the livelihood based on fair wood selling. Unless taking reasonable solution by responsible body life in Manja community except few was miserable. The responsible local and regional government should encourage Manja community in public participation and educating them as much as possible to capacitate them, providing credit without collateral from public sector, diversifying income generating source, land equity distribution, integrating them with Majority was recommended.

Keywords: Manja,Credit,Majority,Minority,Cultural integration equity
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How to cite this article:

Alemayehu Asfaw Amamo. 2018. The Role of Credit on Marginal People Livelihood Improvement the Case of Essara, Tocha and Maraka Districts, Dawuro Zone Snnprs, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(4): 29-35
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.604.005