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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-6  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Impact on Neonatal Mortality of Low Birth Weight
Satrinawati Berkat*
Department of Midwifery, Health Polytechnic of Aceh, Aceh Province, Indonesia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Low birth weight (LBW) was defined as the birth weight of less than 2500 gram and included the preterm birth. In 2016, 2.6 million under-five deaths in the world and occur during the neonatal period (46%).  Most of the neonatal death due to preterm birth (31.2%). One of the interventions to reduce neonatal mortality are breastfeeding. This study aim to asses the impact of exclusive breastfeeding on neonatal mortality of LBW in Aceh province, Indonesia. The study was   observational with unmatched case control and conducted in 8 districts in Aceh Province.  Population  in this study was the LBW who delivered between 2011 to  2014. Total sample was 500 (1:1), 250 cases and 250 control. The results show230 (92.0 %) neonates in the case group did not receive exclusive breast feeding and and 117 (46.8%) in the control group. Simple logistic regression analysis found there was a significant association between exclusive breast feeding and neonatal mortality of LBW  (p< 0.01) with OR of 13.0 (95 % CI: 7.77- 21.9). The conclusion was exclusive breastfeeding has impact on neonatal mortality of the LBW. Exclusive breastfeeding is the  best food for LBW  and as the one ways to reduce mortality in the neonatal period.

Keywords: Exclusive breastfeeding, Neonatal mortality, LBW.
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How to cite this article:

Satrinawati Berkat. 2018. Exclusive Breastfeeding and the Impact on Neonatal Mortality of Low Birth Weight.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(6): 9-15
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.606.002