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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-6  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Prevalence and Identification of Ixodide Ticks in Cattle in Lalo Assabi District, West Wollega Zone, West Oromia, Ethiopia
Abriham Kebede*, Elias Lemmi and Jiregna Dugassa
School of Veterinary Medicine, College of Medical and Health Science, Wollega University, P.O. Box, 395,Nekemte, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ticks are important parasite of cattle that cause huge economic loss at private and national level. Therefore, the cross sectional study was conducted from October 2016 to June 2017 in Lalo Assabi district of West Wollega Zone. The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of tick infestation and to identify their predilection site, possible risk factors and distribution in the rural and urban area of Lalo Assabi districts. Peasant Associations (PAs), sex, age, body conditions of animals and ticks genera were major factors involved in the study. A systematic random sampling study design was followed to collect samples. From the total of 384 cattle, 265 (69%) cattle were found to be infested with tick. Out of five peasant associations examined, highest prevalence (80.4%) was recorded at Barko Daleti Peasant Associations. Highest prevalence (82%) was observed in male than in female animals (59%). Relatively highest prevalence was recorded in adult animals (70.7%) as compared with young and old age animals. Amblyomma, Boophilus and Rhipicephalus were tick genera with infestation rate of 30.7%, 23.2% and 15.1%, respectively. Animals with good body condition were relatively affected (74.1%). Different tick genera have different predilection sites. Amblyomma had strong preference for udder or scrotum (19.3%), Boophilus was highly prevalent on Udder or Scrotum and Genus Rhipicephalus was highly found attached to Dewlap (21.1%). However, there was no significant variation on the prevalence of tick infestations (P>0.05). The study revealed that ticks are the most important ectoparasites and cause economic losses in the area. Animal’s husbandry and management improvement is warranted to reduce the rate of tick’s infestation.

Keywords: Bovine, Lalo Assabi, Prevalence, Ticks
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How to cite this article:

Abriham Kebede, Elias Lemmi and Jiregna Dugassa. 2018. Prevalence and Identification of Ixodide Ticks in Cattle in Lalo Assabi District, West Wollega Zone, West Oromia, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(6): 58-64
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.606.008