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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-8  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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Transmission Pattern of Neglected Tropical Diseases (STHs and amibiasis) in a Rural Community of South Cameroon: A Need to Involve All Age Groups in Control Strategy
L. Nkengazong1, 3*, B. Natchema Soh Fonkou3, L.J. Ojong1, N. Amvongo Adjia1, G.I. Kame Ngasse1, M. Ngue1, A. Motsebo1, R. Moyou-Somo1 and G. Ajeagah Aghaindum2
1Institute of Medical Research and Medicinal Plants Studies (IMPM), Yaounde, Cameroon
2Laboratory of Hydrobiology and Environment, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
3Laboratory of Parasitology and Ecology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study conducted on community members aged 1 to 95 years in a rural community of the South region, Cameroon aimed to determine the transmission pattern of intestinal. Stool samples collected from 273 participants from five villages in March 2017 were analyzed using the quantitative Kato-Katz and the concentration formalin ether techniques. Globally, 117 (42.9%) persons were infected by atleast one parasite. Single infections (27.5%) was significantly high than multiple infections (15.4%) (P<0.05). Parasites diagnosed were A. lumbricoïdes (11.0%), T. trichiura (26.4%), hookworms (12.5%), E.coli (10.6%) and E. histolytica /E. dispar (1.5%). Infections rates varried significantly for A. lumbricoides, Hookworms and E. histolytica/E. dispar (P<0.05) between villages. Female sex participants were significantly more infected than male sex for A. lumbricoïdes and E. coli (P<0.05). Infection rates increase with age with significant difference observed for A. lumbricoïdes in individuals from 60 years old (P<0.05). Infection intensity ranged from 24 to 38.280 eggs, 24 to 3888 and 24 to 1584 eggs per gram of stool respectively for A. lumbricoides, T. trichiura and Hookworms. Participants of 31 years old and above had significantly high egg loads, same as for T. trichiura between villages (P<0.05). Generally, light infection was significantly high for A. lumbricoïdes and hookworms same as for T. trichiura in the female sex (P<0.05). In conclusion, transmission of intestinal parasites is active in all age groups in the Ngovayang community of the south region. In order for the WHO to achieve its global target which is focused on eliminating morbidity by 2020, there is a need for the donors of anthelminthic drugs to make it available for all age groups. Also, the non-negligible infection rates of amibiasis requires it to be included in the control strategy.

Keywords: NTDs; Geohelminthiasis and Amibiasis; Transmission Pattern; Community Members; Cameroon
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How to cite this article:

Nkengazong, L., B. Natchema Soh Fonkou, L.J. Ojong, N. Amvongo Adjia, G.I. Kame Ngasse, M. Ngue, A. Motsebo, R. Moyou-Somo and Ajeagah Aghaindum, G. 2018. Transmission Pattern of Neglected Tropical Diseases (STHs and amibiasis) in a Rural Community of South Cameroon: A Need to Involve All Age Groups in Control Strategy.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(8): 83-91
doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.608.009