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International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review-e-iSSN - 2347 - 3215

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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-9  Year-2018          Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Sustainable Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Agriculture for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Southeast Nigeria
U. Chikaire1*, N. E. Okereke – Ejiogu1 and E. Emerhirhi2
2Department of Agricultural Science Education, Federal College of Education, Omoku1Department of Agricultural Extension, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria, Rivers State, Nigeria
*Corresponding author

This study was carried out to analyze indigenous knowledge practices employed by farmers for climate change adaptation and mitigation by farmers in Southeast Nigeria. A total of 360 farmers were randomly selected from 3 states of Southeast, Nigeria. Questionnaires and oral interview were used to elicit information from the respondents. Mean and Standard deviation were used to analyze data collected. Results showed that the famers were fully aware of climate change variability as indicated by a high mean score of the various prediction signs such as erratic rainfall pattern (M = 3.25), heavy flooding (M =2.65), long rainfall (M =3.36) among others. To adapt and mitigate climate change, the farmers used the following indigenous practices- crop diversification (M=3.46), crop rotation (M =2.61), multiple cropping (M =3.03), mulching (M =2.44) soil fertilization (M = 2.98), agro forestry (M=2.79), use of planting pits (M = 2.74), use of calabashes to store water (M= 3.41), use of ashes for pest control (M = 3.84), use of cannabis to control new castle diseases (M = 2.40) etc. The above practices are safe and have proved successful for centuries and we recommend that they should be integrated into the modern practices of agriculture.

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, agriculture, crops, animals, water, management
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How to cite this article:

Chikaire J. U., N. E. Okereke – Ejiogu and Emerhirhi E. 2018. Sustainable Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Agriculture for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation in Southeast Nigeria.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(9): 97-107
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.609.010