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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-10  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
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Assessment of Bacteriological Quality Major Bacterial Pathogens and Handling Practices of Raw Camel Milk in Ab’ala Woreda of Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia
Bashir Abdifatah Mohamed1 and Ahmed Ali Farah2*
1Mekelle University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
2Development of Livestock and Animal Welfare Institution of Puntland - Somalia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In Ethiopia, most of the camel milk production is accounted by the traditional milk processing system and unhygienic handling that are generally poor in processing capacity, causing high product loss and risky for public consumption. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Ab’ala woreda of Afar national regional state from August to November 2017 with the objective of assessing the bacteriological quality, handling practice and major bacterial pathogens of camel milk. The study methodology employed was questionnaire survey and observational study for handling practice and bacteriological count and isolation and detection of major pathogenic bacteria from raw camel milk. Thirty (30) purposively selected camel herders were interviewed for the survey-based study of milk handling practices and forty raw milk samples were aseptically collected and tested for bacteriological load analysis and isolation of major bacteria. The overall average total bacterial count ranged from 2.3x109 to 1.65x109 cfu/ml with a mean value of 56.20x109 milk samples directly from the teat and 92.25x109cfu/ml milk samples from equipment (buckets) at farm level. Results showed very significant differences in total plate counts (P < 0.05) between the two milk collection points. The total bacterial count of the milk samples was high in buckets when compared to the samples taken from the teat directly. In this study milking system and handling practices like udder cleaning, hand washing before milking and cleaning vessels was in poor sanitary condition. No statistically significant variation was observed in coliform counts in milk samples collected from the teat compared to milk samples from the equipment used to milk camels. Meanwhile, coliform counts demonstrated a limited increase (P > 0.05) from udder (teat) to equipment (bucket) level. High coliform count in milk indicates fecal contamination of milk. Milk was produced and handled in unhygienic condition. The results of the current study indicated that the camel milk produced and handling in the study area can generally be considered as substandard in quality for consumption unless pasteurized. Therefore, this risk assessment study with similar different studies reported from different regions in Ethiopia might provide a basis for the establishment of national milk quality standards in Ethiopia.

Keywords: Ab’ala; Bacterial quality; Camel milk; Ethiopia; Handling practice
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How to cite this article:

Bashir Abdifatah Mohamed and Ahmed Ali Farah. 2018. Assessment of Bacteriological Quality Major Bacterial Pathogens and Handling Practices of Raw Camel Milk in Ab’ala Woreda of Afar National Regional State, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(10): 71-86
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.610.008