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Abstract                 Volume:6  Issue-12  Year-2018          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Effectiveness of Teaching Intervention on Knowledge Regarding Modifiable Risk Factors on Care Givers of Patients with Coronary Artery Disease
Maneesha Scaria1, Sany Alex1, SnehaShaji1, C.V. Sheeja2 and T.M. Assuma Beevi3
1MIMS College of Nursing, Puthukode, India
2Department of Medical Surgical Nursing MIMS College of Nursing, Puthukode, India
3MIMS College of Nursing, MIMS Academy, Puthukode, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Coronary Artery supplies oxygenated blood to myocardium. Coronary Artery Disease occurs due to reduced supply of oxygenated blood to myocardial cells. Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors are predisposing causes for Coronary Artery Disease. Each individual are responsible for their own health. Caregivers of patients are provided education about modifiable risk factors and if they are aware about preventive measures, they can reduce recurrence of these risk factors for patients. Thus reduces the morbidity of Coronary Artery Disease. This study has been undertaken in an attempt to provide information to caregivers for preventing modifiable risk factors of Coronary Artery Disease. Objectives of the study are: Evaluate the effectiveness of teaching intervention on care givers of patients regarding modifiable risk factors of CAD; Find the association between knowledge and selected demographic variables of care givers of patients with CAD. A quantitative approach with pre experimental one group pre-test - post-test design was used to evaluate teaching intervention. Non- Probability method through purposive sampling technique and Knowledge Questionnaire regarding Modifiable risk factors of CAD was used to collect data from caregivers of patient with CAD at Aster MIMS Hospital at Kozhikode. The findings of the study showed that in pre-test, majority of caregivers(13.3%) had adequate knowledge, (80%) had moderately adequate knowledge regarding modifiable risk factors of CAD, and (6.6%) had inadequate knowledge regarding modifiable risk factors of CAD. After intervention in the post-test results showed that majority of caregivers have adequate knowledge (83.3%) and (16.6) have moderately adequate knowledge regarding modifiable risk factors of CAD. Incidence of Coronary Artery Disease can be reduced if individuals are able to modify their habits and make positive changes in lifestyle. By providing teaching intervention to caregivers of patient will help to adopt acceptable changes in day to day activities of life. Results of this present study demonstrate that teaching intervention can improve knowledge of caregivers regarding modifiable risk factors of Coronary Artery Disease. Implications for Nursing: Findings suggest that Staff Nurses should make efforts that are needed to improve the knowledge of caregivers of patient with CAD and decrease the morbidity of disease.

Keywords: CAD-Coronary Artery Disease.
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How to cite this article:

Maneesha Scaria, Sany Alex, Sneha Shaji, C.V. Sheeja and Assuma Beevi, T.M. 2018. Effectiveness of Teaching Intervention on Knowledge Regarding Modifiable Risk Factors on Care Givers of Patients with Coronary Artery DiseaseInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 6(12): 37-41
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2018.612.004