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Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-6  Year-2019          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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Review Paper on Origin, Description, Distribution and Economic Importance of Jatropha curcas
Kedir Wulchafo* and Woldemariam Geja
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Wondo Genet Agricultural Research Center, Shashamene, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Jatropha curcas is a multipurpose plant with many desirable attributes and considerable potential. It is a tropical plant that can be grown in low to high rainfall areas and can be used to reclaim land, as a hedge and/or as a commercial crop. Jatropha curcas is attractive for many reasons: it is a renewable energy source; balances CO2 in environment; produce less harmful emissions than fossil fuel; the fuel production technology is simple; it is a non-edible oil source; is a perennial crop having a 30 year long life span; high oil content in seeds comparative to other biodiesel sources; is a disease-resistant plant; is not over-sensitive to climatic change; can be grown in arid areas; and due to its dormancy characteristics, it survives in various weather conditions. It is a multi-purpose, shrubby, tree belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family. It is native to Mexico or Central America, but now thrives in many parts of the tropics and sub-tropics in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Jatropha has received tremendous attention around the world over the past several years due to its potential as a biofuel crop. However, many of the claims made regarding Jatropha including wide adaptability to diverse climatic zones and soil types, short gestation period, easy multiplication, drought tolerance, not competing with food production, and pest and disease resistance have proven highly exaggerated.

Keywords: M.
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How to cite this article:

Kedir Wulchafo and Woldemariam Geja. 2019. Review Paper on Origin, Description, Distribution and Economic Importance of Jatropha curcasInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 7(6): 22-30
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2019.706.002