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Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-6  Year-2019          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Prevalence and Impact of Ascaris lumbricoides Infection on the Physical Growth of Primary School Age Students in Wonago Town, Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Medhanit Abera1 and Geremew Tafesse2
1Department of Biology, Dilla University, Dilla, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ascaris lumbricoides infection is one of the commonest intestinal nematode infections in the world, with a profound negative effect on nutritional status among underprivileged populations. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and impact of Ascaris lumbricoides infection in the physical growth of primary school age students in Wonago Town. A cross sectional study was conducted among 325 school students of 7-15 years old from grade 1-8 in Wonago town primary schools from February to April, 2018. Data collected through Stool samples Examination and Anthropometric measurement. Of the study sample, 37.2% showed Ascaris lumbricoides parasitic infection. Mild Ascaris intensity was (72.7%) were common in ascaris positive subject, followed by moderate (20.7%) and heavy (6.6%) infection. The Intensity of Ascaris infection was significantly associated with age category (X2= 16.896 and P= 0.010). Prevalence of underweight, Wasting, and Stunting among age group 7-9 years was (36.1%, 4.9% and 9.6%). Prevalence of underweight and sex of the study subjects was significantly associated (X2= 8.98 and P= 0.0462). Prevalence of stunting growth was 15.7%. There was significant association between stunting growth, age group and sex of study subjects with ascaris infected students (X2= 17.26; P= 0.00248). Prevalence of Ascaris lumbricoides is higher in primary school age students of Wonago Town. There was higher association between ascaris infection in underweighted study subjects than wasted and stunted students.

Keywords: Ascaris lumbricoides; Anthropometric measurements; Prevalence; School age students; Wonago Town
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How to cite this article:

Medhanit Abera and Geremew Tafesse. 2019. Prevalence and Impact of Ascaris lumbricoides Infection on the Physical Growth of Primary School Age Students in Wonago Town, Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 7(6): 43-56
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2019.706.004