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Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-8  Year-2019          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Determinants of Anaemia among Women of Reproductive Age in Ethiopia: Evidence from 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey
Tariku Laelago1 and Eyasu Gambura2
1Department of Nursing, Wachemo University Durame Campus, Durame, Ethiopia
2School of Public Health, Wolaita Sodo University, Sodo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Even though anaemia is a preventable condition, it continuous to be global public health problems responsible for significant morbidity in women of reproductive age. There are various risk factors of anaemia among WRA .The objective of this study was assessing determinants of anaemia among women of reproductive age. Unmatched case-control study was considered to study determinants of anaemia among women of reproductive age. The sample size was calculated by using two-population proportion formula for unmatched case control study. Epi-info version 7 software was used to calculate the sample. The study included all cases (3929) and 7424 controls. The sample was stratified and selected in two stages. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was conducted to identify determinants of anaemia. This study included 11153 women of reproductive age with 3929 cases and 7224 controls. Living in Tigray region (AOR=5.04, 95% CI (1.02-24.80), Amhara region (AOR=7.56, 95% CI (1.58-37.37), Benshangul region (AOR=4.31, 95% CI (1.05-17.73), and SNNPR (AOR=4.67, 95% CI (1.19-18.34) was significantly associated with anaemia. Giving birth at home (AOR=2.1395% CI (1.13-3.98), did not used anything to avoid getting pregnant (AOR=0.54, 95% CI (0.30-0.96) were significantly associated with anaemia. The current study showed that region, place of delivery and used anything to avoid getting pregnant were determinants factors of anaemia among women of reproductive age. The health sectors and other concerned bodies should give due emphasis for all regions of the country in prevention of anaemia. Place of delivery is one of important determinants of anaemia in women, so promoting health institution delivery should be implemented by all stakeholders. In current study, non-use of contraceptive is protective for anaemia. One cause of anaemia is vaginal bleeding/spotting, which is the common side effects of hormonal contraceptive. Thus, managing common side effects of hormonal contraceptive should get due concern by health professional.

Keywords: Anaemia, EDHS, Determinants, Women of reproductive age.
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How to cite this article:

Tariku Laelago1 and Eyasu Gambura. 2019. Determinants of Anaemia among Women of Reproductive Age in Ethiopia: Evidence from 2016 Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 7(8): 16-29
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2019.708.003