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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-3  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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Biotechnological Applications of Hyperthermophilic Enzymes
Raj Kumar Pandey1*, Anupam Barh2, Dinesh Chandra3, Satish Chandra3, Vishakha Pandey4, Pankaj1 and Lakshmi Tewari1
1Department of Microbiology, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India

2Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
3Department of Bíological Sciences, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, Indi.
4Department of MBGE, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology Pantnagar, 263145, U. S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

With the optimal temperatures higher than 800C, the hyperthermophilic microbes are now in focus due to their unique enzymatic systems. Initially they found in hot springs of Yellow Stone National Park. The enzymes synthesized by hyperthermophilic bacteria and archaea, also called hyperthermophilic enzymes or sometimes thermozymes are typically thermostable and are optimally active at high temperatures, thus lead to the remarkable heat stability properties for multiple biotechnological and various enzymatic processes. Many literatures reported that the thermozymes share the same catalytic mechanism with their mesophilic counterparts i.e. when cloned and expressed in mesophilic hosts, usually retain their thermal property. This property is very useful because omitting the drawbacks come in enzyme production and cultivation of hyperthermophiles. This review concentrates on the various thermozymes, industrially produced from hyperthermophilic microorganisms. The advantages for various biotechnological processes, the sources and important properties of various hyperthermophilic enzymes are briefly described. Furthermore, their various applications in different processes are also summarized in this review.

Keywords: Hyperthermophiles, Thermozymes, Archaea, Biotechnological applications.
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How to cite this article:

Raj Kumar Pandey, Anupam Barh, Dinesh Chandra, Satish Chandra, Vishakha Pandey, Pankaj and Lakshmi Tewari.  2016. Biotechnological Applications of Hyperthermophilic Enzymes.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(3): 39-47
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.403.005