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Abstract                 Volume:7  Issue-10  Year-2019          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Socio-economic Impact of Export Oriented Agricultural Products on Producers in Illu Abba Bor Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
Gemechu Bekana Fufa
Department of Statistics, College of Natural and Computational Science, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study was undertaken to assess the socio-economic impact of producing export oriented agricultural crops on the livelihoods of the farmers, in western Ethiopia. The major objectives of this study is to assess the socio-economic impact of producing export oriented agricultural products on producers in terms of education, frequency of feeding and ability to finance. A random sample of 307 producers was selected using multistage random sampling from the study area. Multiple regression Models, Logistic regression models, test hypothesis: Z-test, t - test and coefficients of determination methods of data analysis were used in this study. Comparisons were made between producers and non-producers using the Z- test and regression analysis. This study defines producers as those who produce coffee and chat. If the farmer not produces coffee and chat, he/she is considered as non-producer. To assess the impact of producing agricultural exports on the educational status of the family, the ratio of children in schools to the total number of school aged children in the family, expressed as percentage. The ability of the household to feed the family was also seen in terms of the frequency of feeding the children and the adult. The percentage of farmers having corrugated iron sheet roofed houses, the percentage of farmers having separate kitchens other than their living rooms for cooking and the percentage of farmers having separate structure for livestock other than the living room were used to assess the impact of agricultural export products on the housing conditions of the farmers. It was found that producers of export oriented crops are better off than the non producers in terms of sending children to elementary school, housing conditions and ability to finance their families’ food requirements. The impact of father’s education, number of children and livestock ownership on the improvements in the livelihoods of the farmers and the problems facing the farmers were also emphasized. After all analysis, it can be concluded that production of export oriented agricultural products enables the farmer to send children to school, have improved housing conditions, and food secured than the non-producers. Finally, the results were recommended as creating the awareness about the uses of education, business awareness and advising the producers and non-producers of export oriented agricultural products.

Keywords: Multiple regression, Logistic regression, Agriculture, Coffee and Education
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How to cite this article:

Gemechu Bekana Fufa. 2019. Socio-economic Impact of Export Oriented Agricultural Products on Producers in Illu Abba Bor Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 7(10): 46-56
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2019.710.006