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Abstract            Volume:7  Issue-12  Year-2019         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Population Growth and Environmental Changes: Conclusions Drawn from the Contradictory Experiences of Developing Countries
Barana Babiso1, Senbetie Toma1 and Aklilu Bajigo2
1Department of Geography & Environmental Studies, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia
2Department of Natural Resource Management, Wolaita Sodo University, Ethiopia P.O. Box: 138 Wolaita Sodo
*Corresponding author

This review paper is intended to exhibit the interplays between environmental change and rapid population growth in developing countries. In the course of discussion, the impacts of rapidly population growing on the environment have been discussed, and evidence, from various parts of the world have been traced. Studies on the impacts of population pressure on environment have been critically reviewed. It is revealed that all across the developing countries, farm size is shrinking as farmers continue to subdivide holdings among their children. In countries such as Malawi, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Haiti, Nepal and Bangladesh, population growth rates are high, and the non-farm sector is still in its early stages of development. Demographic pressure, land scarcity, and land fragmentation drive greater rural vulnerability and poverty, marked by decreased food security, inadequate response to such natural disasters such as drought or pest infestations, weakened resilience to shocks, and poor health. It is not just the supply of food, fodder, and fuel wood but the resource base itself and the lives that depend upon it are being affected. The evidences pinpoints that man through his non-sustainable production and consumption patterns, is placed at the heart of environmental changes. However, contradictory view, and practices are also in place that the population growth has positive impacts environmental restoration and improvements, while other evidences show insignificant effect of population on the environment. This contradicting scenario puts scholars in argument, and still need further research. Hence, it would be a blind generalization to draw conclusion from this relationship alone, rather, another factor that acts beyond population pressure must also be considered to justify the impact of population on environmental changes.

Keywords: Climate change, Developing countries, Environmental change, Forest, Population growth
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How to cite this article:

Barana Babiso, Senbetie Toma and Aklilu Bajigo. 2019. Population Growth and Environmental Changes: Conclusions Drawn from the Contradictory Experiences of Developing Countries.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 7(12): 12-22
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2019.712.002
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.