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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-1  Year-2020          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
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Review on Dynamics of Soil Erosion and Conservation Efforts in Ethiopia
Yibeltal Yihunie
Department of Natural Resources Management, College Agricultural Sciences Arba Minch University, P.O.BOX 21, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This review paper was intended to review the dynamics of soil erosion and its conservation efforts in Ethiopia. Soil erosion rates are highly variable and large by international standards, and sheet, rill, and gully erosion are the dominant processes in the country. Institutionalized soil and water conservation practices in Ethiopia became significant only after the 1970s. The efficiency of conservation efforts show mixed results that are influenced by the type of measures and the agro-ecology. In general, the conservation effort is better in the dry lands as compared with humid areas. Although farmers have shown an increased understanding of the soil erosion problem, soil and water conservation practices efforts face a host of barriers related to limited access to capital, limited benefits, land tenure insecurity, limited technology choices and technical support, and poor community participation. Additionally, soil and water conservation research in Ethiopia is fragmented and lacking articipatory research, field observations, and adoptable methods to evaluate impacts. A potentially feasible approach to expand and sustain soil and water conservation programs is to attract benefits from climate change sequestration through carbon trading and institutional- research linkage regarding soil and water conservation practices in the country.

Keywords: Soil erosion, Conservation efforts, Ethiopia
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How to cite this article:

Yibeltal Yihunie. 2020. Review on Dynamics of Soil Erosion and Conservation Efforts in Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 8(1): 1-6
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2020.801.001