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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-3  Year-2020          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Trend Analysis of Malaria Prevalence in Tarcha General Hospital, Dawuro Zone, Southwest Ethiopia
Abenezer Mamo1*, Abu Roba1, Amare Alemu1, Eyasu Gambura2, Abera Kumalo3 and Tariku Laelago4
1Department of Public Health, Dawuro Tarcha Campus, Wolaita Sodo University
2School of Public Health, College of Health Science and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University
3Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science and Medicine, Wolaita Sodo University
4Department of Nursing, Durame Campus, Wachemo University
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Malaria is one of the major public health problems in worldwide. In Ethiopia, there is a significant decline in disease burden; however, the overall trend of malaria prevalence is not studied or well-documented in different localities including the current study area. The aim of this study was to determine the trend of malaria pervalance in last five years’ period from 2014 to 2018 in Tarcha General Hospital. A hospital based retrospective study was conducted by reviewing of blood film of malaria documents. Daily malaria data with the relevant variables was extracted from the institutional malaria registration log book of the last five years’ period from 2014 to 2018 (2006–2010 E.C). The data was analyzed manually using scientific calculator and tally sheet method. During the study period of five years, a total of 32390 blood films were examined for malaria diagnosis in Tarcha General Hospital and 17706(54.7%) microscopically confirmed malaria cases were reported with a fluctuating trend. Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax accounted for 10760(60.6%) and 6946(39.4%) of the cases, respectively. All cases were mono-infections. Malaria was reported in all age groups and both sexes. But the ≥15year age group and males were more affected. Despite the apparent fluctuation of malaria trends in the area, the highest peak of malaria cases was reported during September to November within the last five years. Control interventions must be maintained and scaled-up to sustainably control the prevalence of malaria infection and eventually eliminate it in the study area, considering both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax.

Keywords: Malaria trend, Malaria Prevalence, Plasmodium sp, Tarcha General Hospital
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How to cite this article:

Abenezer Mamo, Abu Roba, Amare Alemu, Eyasu Gambura, Abera Kumalo and Tariku Laelago. 2020. Trend Analysis of Malaria Prevalence in Tarcha General Hospital, Dawuro Zone, Southwest Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 8(3): 26-32
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2020.803.004