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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-5  Year-2020          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Response of Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Quality of Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris L.) Varieties in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia
Birhanu Lencha1,2* and Dawit Dalga1
Wolaita Sodo University, College of Agriculture, P O Box 138, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
Dawit Dalga , Wolaita Sodo University, College of Agriculture, P O Box, 138, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris L.) is a good source of minerals, carbohydrates, protein and it has high levels of vitamin B1, micro nutrients and also referred as common vegetable in Ethiopia. However, its productivity is very low in comparison to national average yield in the study area due to lack of optimum nitrogen rate and ideal variety inline of agro-ecology. Hence, a field experiment was conducted to identity best performing beetroot variety and optimum rate of nitrogen (N) fertilizer in Wolaita zone, Southern Ethiopia. The treatments were consisted of four varieties (Dark red, Crimson globe, Samba and Farida) with four N fertilizer rates (0, 50, 100 and 150kg N kgha-1) and laid out in randomized complete block design in factorial arrangement with three replications. All phenological, growth, yield components, yield and quality parameters were collected and analyzed procedurally. The result showed that interaction of variety and rates of N fertilizer significantly (P < 0.05) affected total yield, marketable root yield and significantly (P < 0.001) affected root length, root width. Numerically the highest marketable root yield (16.3 t ha-1) was achieved from dark red coupled with rate of 100 kg N ha-1 followed by variety dark red at the rate of 50 kg Nha-1 (14.9 tha-1). Whereas the lowest root yield was recorded from dark red at 0kg N ha-1. Therefore, it could be recommended that variety Dark red at the rate of 50 kg N gave better yield and farmers could use in Kindo koyshsha district in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia.

Keywords: Beetroot, Nitrogen, Root yield, Quality and Variety
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How to cite this article:

Birhanu Lencha and Dawit Dalga. 2020. Response of Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Quality of Beetroot (Beta Vulgaris L.) Varieties in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 8(5): 60-67
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2020.805.007