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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-5  Year-2020          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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An Exploratory Study of Respiratory Profile in 11 - 18 Years Old Obese Congolese Children
MOUSSOKI Jean Martin1, MOULONGO Jean Georges André1, MOUSSOUAMI Simplice Innocent1, MAKOSSO-VHEIYE Georges2, MIKOLELE BILOMBO Christel3, MOUSSOKI-MOUSSOKI First Qui-Savait1, MABIALA BABELA Jean Robert4, MASSAMBA Alphonse1* and KAYEMBE NTUMBA Jean Marie5
1Laboratory of Sports Biosciences, Higher Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Marien Ngouabi University, BP 69 Brazzaville, Congo
2Unit of Nutritional Science and Metabolism, Laboratory of Sports Biosciences, Higher Institute of Physical Education and Sports, Marien Ngouabi University, BP 69 Brazzaville, Congo
3Hematology Laboratory, Sickle Cell Anemia Research Center, Brazzaville University and Hospital Center, Brazzaville, Congo
4Department of Pediatrics, University Brazzaville Teaching Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, BP: 69, Brazzaville, Congo,
5Department of Pulmonology, University Clinics of Kinshasa and Faculty of Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

No studies on the spirometric profile of obese adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa exist. The objectives of the study are: 1) to determine and compare the ventilatory values, the forced expiratory flow rates and the pulmonary reports with the reference values; 2) determine the percentages of subjects with abnormal ventilatory volumes, or an obstructive ventilatory deficit, or a static pulmonary distension; 3) examine the impact of anthropometric parameters and body composition on FEV1 and FVC in school children aged 11 - 18 years. A total of 1,138 obese adolescents (412 boys and 726 girls), belonging to 132 colleges and high schools in Brazzaville, participated in the study. They were selected by a 2-degree cluster survey on the obesity criterion. Spirometric values were measured according to the recommendations of scientific societies, as well as the definitions of respiratory anomalies. The results showed that all forced respiratory rates were reduced, the lung volumes (FVC, VC, IC, TPC) were increased compared to normal values, as well as the FEV1 / CVF and CI / CPT ratios. In addition,83.7% of cases (n = 952) of obstructive ventilatory deficit were found. Among the cases of moderate ventilatory deficit (n = 186), 29.5% of cases (n = 54) of mixed ventilatory deficit were found. In conclusion, obesity affect respiratory function. This study provides the health authorities with valid authorities to fight this scourge which increasingly affect school adolescents.

Keywords: Spirometry, Obesity, Deficit, School environment, Adolescence
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How to cite this article:

MOUSSOKI Jean Martin, MOULONGO Jean Georges André, MOUSSOUAMI Simplice Innocent, MAKOSSO-VHEIYE Georges, MIKOLELE BILOMBO Christel, MOUSSOKI-MOUSSOKI First Qui-Savait, MABIALA BABELA Jean Robert, MASSAMBA Alphonse and KAYEMBE NTUMBA Jean Marie. 2020. An Exploratory Study of Respiratory Profile in 11 - 18 Years Old Obese Congolese Children.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 8(5): 76-86
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2020.805.009