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Abstract                 Volume:8  Issue-7  Year-2020          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Effect of Seed Storage Period in Ambient Condition on Seed Quality of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties at Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia
Mekonnen Gebeyaw, Wassu Mohammed and Bulti Tesso
School of Plant science, Haramaya University, East Harrerghe Zone, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Common bean is used as one of the cheapest source of protein apart from being the major source of cash income in Ethiopia. Its reasonable protein content (22%) made it the poor man's meat securing more than 16.7 million rural people against hidden hunger. Despite the common bean significance contribution to Ethiopian people food and nutrition security and income generation, its production and productivity is low. Among many factors that contribute to the low yield of common bean, low access of seeds of improved varieties and the use of seeds stored for a longer period of time. The length of seeds stored under ambient conditions is a critical aspect of seed quality management. The longer seeds stored under ambient conditions, are the risks of losing the stored beans to storage pests and other seed quality deterioration factors. Therefore, generating information from research is required on effect of seeds stored under ambient conditions on different varieties of common bean. The analysis of variance showed that storage period and variety had significant influence on all seed quality parameters considered except no significant effect on number of hard seeds. No significant differences among varieties were observed on abnormal seedlings, number of hard, fresh ingeminated and dead seeds. However, storage period and variety interacted to influence significantly thousand seed weight, seedling shoot length, nd vigor index I and seedling fresh weight. Due to seeds stored for a long period of time in ambient conditions would make the seed deteriorate and loss its quality during storage. This indicates that, seed deterioration is the result of changes within the seed that decrease the ability to survive.

Keywords: Seed storage period, Common bean varieties and Seed quality
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How to cite this article:

Mekonnen Gebeyaw, Wassu Mohammed and Bulti Tesso. 2020. Effect of Seed Storage Period in Ambient Condition on Seed Quality of Common Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) Varieties at Haramaya, Eastern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 8(7): 56-68
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2020.807.007