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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-2  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Effect of Rooting Media, Cutting Types and Watering Frequency on Shoot Parameters of Long Pepper (Piper cappense) at Jimma
Gebreslassie Hailu
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, PO Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present study was conducted at Jimma Agricultural Research center (JARC) to investigate the effect of rooting media, cutting types and watering frequency on nursery performance of long pepper cuttings to identify best alternatives for production of adequate planting material. Four types of media, composed of sub soil(Ss), top soil(Ts), farm yard manure(FYM) and Fine sand with the following proportion, 2Top soil + 1Farm yard manure + 2fine sand recommended for coffee cutting, 6top soil + 3farm yard manure + 2fine sand recommended for coffee nursery, 1/3rd SS upper + 2top soil + 1farm yard manure + 1fine sand recommended for tea media and 2top soil + 1farm yard manure + 1fine sand recommended for coffee nursery, three level of cutting type soft wood (SW), semi hard wood(SHW) and hard wood (HW) and four level of watering frequency were combined in split plot design with three replications, where four watering frequency levels were assigned to main plots, four media type levels were assigned to sub plot and three types of cutting (soft wood, semi hard wood and hard wood) levels were assigned to sub- sub plot were combined with factorial arrangement (4 x 4 x 3) with 48 treatments. Data was collected for shoot parameters after six months of planting. Highly significant (P < 0.0001) differences among interactions were observed for survival percent of stem cuttings. The highest percent survival percent (83%, 78%) was recorded for watering frequency every week, soft wood cutting grown in rooting media 2TS:1FYM:2FS. The highest shoot diameter recorded for semi hard wood cutting type grown in all media, indicating that increased shoot girth probably reflects balanced allocation of assimilates between root and shoot system and availability of essential in the media and growth promoting substances produced in semi hard wood cutting types which are suitable for the cutting to develop vigorous shoots. Attention should also be given in selecting the cutting position on the stock plant while preparing the cuttings.

Keywords: Media, soft wood, semi hard wood, hard wood andwatering frequency.
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How to cite this article:

Gebreslassie Hailu. 2021. Effect of Rooting Media, Cutting Types and Watering Frequency on Shoot Parameters of Long Pepper (Piper cappense) at Jimma.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(2): 12-25
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.902.002