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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-3  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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The Associations between Lifestyles, Clinical and Urinary Biochemical Indicators of Nutrition and Health among men living in a peri-urban community in Accra, Ghana
Frederick Vuvor1*, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu1, Kwesi Firibu Saalia1 and William Bruce Owusu1
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, School of Biological Sciences, College of Basic and Applied Sciences, University of Ghana
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

As a result of unhealthy lifestyles of men there was rise in noncommunicable diseases in many developing countries like Ghana. There is little focus on men and members living in peri-urban communities in terms of nutrition and health studies. There is increased stress on members due to instability, migration from rural and addiction to tobacco and alcohol use especially among men. Therefore this study was conducted to critically examine the health of adult men in peri urban community. The study was a cross-sectional covering socio-demographic, lifestyle, dietary intakes, anthropometry, clinical and biochemical assessments of men. The census yielded 207 who were willing to participate in the study. The average age of the respondents was 40±14.3 ranging from 19 to 95 years. About 71.0% consumed alcohol and 22.2% smoked tobacco. Only 43.5% of the study population met their overall nutrient needs. The mean height of the men was 1.70 ±0.07 ranging from 1.6 to1.9metres. The mean weight and BMI were 65.91±1.04kg and 22.85±3.15kg/m2 respectively. About 7.2 % of the men were underweight (<18.5kg/m2) while 24.6% were overweight >25kg/m2. Many of them suffered from ailments such as body pains (60.4%), headache (52.2%), abdominal disturbances (41.5%), URI (43.5%) and others. One of the risk factors of urinary leukocyte excretion in this study was abdominal disturbances (OR: 4.00, 95%Cl: 2.07-7.42). Lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, obesity and lack of physical activity may jointly affect co-morbidities such as idiopathic urinary leukocyte excretion and vice versa. Clinical and biochemical diagnoses could also synergistically effect morbidity of men. Health education regarding quitting addiction of smoking and moderation in alcohol consumption as well as regular medical checkup especially annual examination of PSA should be advisable.

Keywords: Urinary leukocyte, Prostate hypertrophy,UTI
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How to cite this article:

Frederick Vuvor, Matilda Steiner-Asiedu, Kwesi Firibu Saalia and William Bruce Owusu. 2016. The Associations between Lifestyles, Clinical and Urinary Biochemical Indicators of Nutrition and Health among men living in a peri-urban community in Accra, Ghana.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(3): 197-209
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.403.022