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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-3  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Review on Reproductive Biology of Caster Bean (Ricinus communis L.)
Kedir Wulchafo Hussen*
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Wondo genet Agricultural Research Center, Wondo genet, P.o.box 198, Shashemene, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Castor belongs to the genus Ricinus, a member of the Euphorbiaceae, which contains a vast number of plants mostly native to the tropics. The genus Ricinus is considered to be monotypic and R. communis is the only species, which includes many polymorphic types. The cultivated types are dwarf annuals. Castor plants have well developed root system with thick horizontal roots. Tap root looks like extension of the stem below the soil. The stem is erect, circular in section, partially hollow, glabrous, and smooth with good branching. Stem is either red or green or with shades of both. The stem is marked by well-defined nodes from each of which a leaf is arises. The lower internodes are shorter and their length increases with height. Leaves are alternate, large, and palmate with 5-11 lobes acuminate margins notched, serrate or indented. They are carried on long stout petioles. The inflorescence is borne terminally on the main and lateral branches. Flowers are large, in terminal sub panicled racemes, monoecious, apetalous, the upper portion of the raceme being occupied by the female flowers and the lower by male flowers The whole inflorescence may reach a length of 90 cm. The flowers are wind and insect pollinated and from 5 to 46 % natural pollination occurred. The fruit is round glaucous capsules with three projecting sides covered with tough spines or smooth, 3 loculed and three seeded. Seeds are albuminous, anatropous, broad, oval, compressed with a marked caruncle and longitudinal raphe. The testa is thin, brittle, varying in color and mottling. Below the testa is thin legmen, covering a whitish oily endosperm containing the embryo.

Keywords: Ricinus communis L, flower, fruit, stem, leaves, reproduction.
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How to cite this article:

Kedir Wulchafo Hussen. 2022. Review on Reproductive Biology of Caster Bean (Ricinus communis L.).Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(3): 88-92
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1003.009
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.