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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-5  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Evaluation the Adaptability of Different Released Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) Varieties at West Showa Zone
Yohannes Atnafu* and Wondu Bekele
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) is the major horticultural crop with an estimated global production of 164 million metric tons from 4.73 million ha of land. In Ethiopia, it is an important food ingredient in daily diet of people in almost all regions. The crop is an important cash-generating crop to small-scale farmers and provides employment in the production and processing industries. The shortage of improved varieties that are adaptable to different agro-ecologies is one of the most problems to production of tomato in West Shewa. Therefore, this study was design to test the best adaptable tomato varieties and to increase production and productivity of tomato through introducing nationally released cultivars, thereby contribute to food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable environment. Seven recently released tomato varieties were used in the field experiment obtained from Melkasa Agricultural Research Center (MARC). The experiment was conducted at Ambo Agricultural Research Center (AmARC) on station in order to evaluate different released tomato varieties. It was laid out on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. The analysis of variance was showed a significant difference among the treatment on the most parameters at Ambo in both years. Although number of fruits per cluster in year one 2017 and days to ripen in year two 2018 were not showed a significant difference among the treatment. This was an indication that the responses of the varieties were different in each year. Depending on the two years experiment the variety Melka shola was the best adaptable variety compared to the other varieties in yield parameter it gives around 29- and 32-ton h-1 in both year 2017 and 2018 G.C respectively at Ambo. The variety Melka shola it is high yielding and relatively disease and insect pest resistance around Ambo area in the off-season of 2017 G.C and 2018 G.C by using furrow irrigation.

Keywords: Tomato, Variety,Adaptation and Melka shola.
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How to cite this article:

Yohannes Atnafu and Wondu Bekele. 2022. Evaluation the Adaptability of Different Released Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum Mill.) Varieties at West Showa Zone.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(5): 112-116
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1005.009
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.