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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-6  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Medical Application and Biochemical Mechanisms of Spirulina platensis for Human Benefit
Yiglet Mebrat*
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Spirulina (Arthrospira) is considered as generally recognized as safe as a richest sources of organic nutrients without toxicological effects and it has been widely used in several countries. Spirulina contains good quality proteins, vitamins and minerals in addition to a wide variety of natural carotene and xanthophyll phytopigments. Many researchers studied the beneficial effects of Spirulina and reported its enhancing potential on its health benefits by improving general health as well as lowering the problems of different diseases like infilammation, diabetes, anaemia, hypertension and cardiovascular disorders by possessing some promising biological activities such as antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic, radio protective and metalloprotective effects. These pharmaceutical and medicinal properties of Spirulina could be attributed to some natural constituents such as phycocyanin, carotene, tocopherols, linolenic acid and phenolic compounds that had been shown to have strong antioxidant properties and powerful scavenging activities against Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) like superoxide and H2O2 radicals. This review illustrates the beneficial effects of Arthrospira on human health with its specific mechanisms on its ability to protect the body physiological system against oxidative damage and source of potential pharmaceuticals based mainly on the highest levels of evidence available in the literature.

Keywords: Spirulina plantesis, Phycocyanin, Malnutrition, inflammation, antioxidants .
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How to cite this article:

Yiglet Mebrat. 2022. Medical Application and Biochemical Mechanisms of Spirulina platensis for Human Benefit.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(6): 89-100
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1006.008
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.