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Abstract            Volume:10  Issue-7  Year-2022         Original Research Articles

Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Seed Pelleting and its Effect on Seed Quality of Crop-A Review
Girma Ashe Ijara*
Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, P. O. Box, 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author

Seed is a basic input of agriculture and inferior quality seed give poor performance as well as yield. Production of small seed size crop is difficult, time consuming and costly, due to challenging in mechanized planting, proper seed handling and improper distribution of seed in the field. Seed pelleting is the process of adding inert materials to seeds to change their size and shape for improved plantability. Small and irregularly shaped seed can be treated as large, round-shaped, that simplifies planting seed in the filed as well as in the precise location. Pelleting is also seed management techniques in which growth promoter, different pesticides and extra nutrition are applied on the seed to enhance seed quality. The paper, therefore, aims to reviewing the seed pelleting and its effect on small seed crop. Mainly two types of component are used in seed pelleting such as, bulking (coating) and binder. The bulking (coating) change the size, shape and weight of seed, whereas the binder holds the coating material together. Seed pelleting machine has different parts that includes feeding units, pelleting chamber, power source and drive system, main frame and dry machine. Seed pelleting makes small and irregular shaped seeds into bold, round with smooth surface that is easy for handling during planting. Pelleting is also used to decrease the seed rate for small size crop and to reduce the cost of crop production. Pelleting of seed by different pelleting material is important for improving seed quality.

Keywords: Pelleting size, Pelleting Material, Seed Quality, Seed Size, Pelleting Machine.
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How to cite this article:

Girma Ashe Ijara. 2022. Seed Pelleting and its Effect on Seed Quality of Crop. A Review.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 10(7): 162-166
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2022.1007.008
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.