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Abstract                 Volume:4  Issue-4  Year-2016          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
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Proximate Composition of the Four Acacia Taxa Seeds in Central Sudan
Eiman Mohammed Ali Mustafa* and Hatil Hashim Al-Kamali
Department of Botany, Faculty of Science and Technology, Omdurman Islamic University, Omdurman, Sudan
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The aim of this study was to evaluate the proximate composition and mineral content of  mature seeds of four acacias taxa grown in central and western Sudan (A.nilotica ssp. adansonia, A.nilotica ssp. nilotica, A. seyal var. seyal and A. sieberiana var. sieberiana). The composition of the seeds moisture, ash, fat, protein, fiber and carbohydrate were expressed as follow. Moisture content ranged between 5.94 to 6.37% for A.seyal var. seyal and A. nilotica ssp. adansonia, respectively. Whereas, ash content varied from 4.02 to 4.94 %for A. sieberiana var. sieberiana and  A.seyal var. seyal,respectively. Fat content ranged between 4.09% for A.seyal var. seyal to 7.78% A. sieberiana var. sieberiana. Protein content varied from 20.22 to26.44%for A. nilotica ssp. adansonia and A.seyal var. seyal, respectively. Whereas, fiber content value ranged from 22.42% for A.seyal var. seyal to 32.74% for A. nilotica ssp. adansonia. Carbohydrate content ranged from 30.76% to 40.77%for A. nilotica ssp. Adansonia and A. sieberiana var. sieberiana, respectively. Obviously in four Acacias the contents of the some trace and essential mineral elements are low in comparison by others seeds studied in others countries. The values range of copper, zinc, chromium, lead, manganese and iron elements in four acacias seeds were copper between 4.65 to 7.56 µ /100gm, zinc between 27.75 to 47.52 µ /100gm, chromium between 0.67 to 1.32 µ /100gm, lead between 0.00 to 0.08 µ/100gm, manganese 8.54 to 42.06 µ /100gm and iron between 9.26 to 89.98 µ /100gm.Hence, concluded that high amount of protein, fiber and moderate amount from carbohydrate encourage utilizing acacias seed as livestock fodder.

Keywords: Acacia Taxa Seeds,Composition,central and western Sudan
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How to cite this article:

Eiman Mohammed Ali Mustafa and Hatil Hashim Al-Kamali. 2016.  Proximate Composition of the Four Acacia Taxa Seeds in Central SudanInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 4(4): 121-126
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2016.404.014