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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-3  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Registration and Releasing of “Bareda” Oat (Avena sativa L.) Variety for Mid and Highland of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
Tamrat Dinkale1*, Birmaduma Gadisa2 and Muleta Debela3
1Oromin Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara Agricultural Research center, Mechara, Ethiopia
2Oromin Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, Bako, Ethiopia
3Oromin Agricultural Research Institute, Bedele Agricultural Research Center, Bedele, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The fodder oat variety named as Bareda (Acc. No. 5450) was selected and released in 2020 by Mechara Agricultural Research Center for the West Hararghe highland, mid land and similar agro-ecologies. This variety was tested for two environments (mid land and high land) at ten locations ((Mechara on station and one farmer, Gelemso (Bareda FTC) and one farmer, Chiro (Arba. Rakate FTC) and two farmers, GaraKufa FTC and two farmers for one year 2019/2020 cropping season with the objectives of to release the top performing oat genotype(s) in major agronomic traits and nutritional quality and develop most stable genotypes for in the study areas. Bareda oat Variety, due to its superior performance, it was selected, verified and released for forage production. The variety was characterized by growth habit of erect and moderate tuft at basal. The seed color of Bareda is pale brown. It performed better in grain yield, dry matter and green fodder yield and other most important agronomic parameters than its respective checks. Bareda variety on average has a grain yield of 33.4 quintal/ha under research condition and 24 quintal/ha at farmer’s field and, the variety produce on average 9.0 t/ha of dry matter, 47.47 t/ha green fodder yield, 93% plot cover and reach seed maturity in 126 days. It was also better tolerant to major oat diseases and have good nutritional quality. On the other hand, the experimental farmers and developmental agent’s gave the first rank for Bareda variety than the others tested. So, the introduction of this newly released forage variety could contribute in relaxing the scarcity of feed resource which iscommon among the small-scale farmers in West Hararghe and elsewhere in the country.

Keywords: Bareda, Hararghe, Highland and Midland, Mechara, Oat, Variety.
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How to cite this article:

Tamrat Dinkale, Birmaduma Gadisa and Muleta Debela. 2021. Registration and Releasing of “Bareda” Oat (Avena sativa L.) Variety for Mid and Highland of West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(3): 81-88
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.903.008