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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-4  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Evaluation of Improved Dessert Banana (Musa spp.) Varieties in West Hararghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia
Gezahegn Assefa1*, Sintayehu Girma1 and Kinde Lamessa2
1Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Mechara agricultural research center, P.O. Box.19, Mechara, Ethiopia
2Wollega University College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Department of Plant Science, PO Box: 395, Nekemte, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Banana is the second an important fruit crop in terms of food and cash crop in eastern Ethiopia including DaroLabu District of West Hararghe Zone. However, the yield potential of the existed local variety has low as compared the average national productivity of the crop. The present study was undertaken to evaluate seven cultivars of banana belonging to similar genomic groups (AAA) for growth, yield and quality attributes. The experiment was established in 2008-2012 at Mechara Agricultural Research Center by using a randomized complete block design with three replications and analysis of variance was carried out to examine the morphological adaptability and yield related characters of the cultivars. The cultivars in the study showed a significant difference (p <0.005) for all characters studied in the experiment except that fruit number per hand and diameter. The highest hand weight (2.55kg) was recorded from William-1, which par each other for the cultivars, Robusta and Butuzua), while Poyohad the lowest hand weight (1.35kg). William-1 had significantly heaviest fruit weight (200.02gm), whereas, the lowest fruit weight was recorded from Poyo variety with 130.02gm, which were on par with Butuzua and Grande nine. Regarding yield attributes, the maximum fruit length (18.91cm) and fruit diameter (12.46cm) were recorded from William-1 followed by Giant Cavendish for fruit diameter (12.35cm). However, heavier bunch weight (20.8kg) and total fruit yield (103.52qt/ha) were obtained from Giant Cavendish followed by William-1 with bunch weight (20kg) and total fruit yield (100.32qt ha). Generally, from the study concluded that Giant Cavendish showed 29.31% yield advantage than over national average productivity of the Banana crop hence, the variety Giant Cavendish was highly recommended to growers in the study area and similar agro ecology.

Keywords: Banana, Genetic variation, Yield related traits.
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How to cite this article:

Gezahegn Assefa, Sintayehu Girma and Kinde Lamessa. 2021. Evaluation of Improved Dessert Banana (Musa spp.) Varieties in West Hararghe Zone, Eastern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(4): 73-79
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.904.008