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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-5  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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The Major Causes of Deforestation and its Management Options in the Case of Ethiopia
Ewnetu Teshale*
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Deforestation is a major environmental challenge which has been persistent from the past, and the situation is more worsened at present. Deforestation is the primarily a concern for the developing countries including Ethiopia because of its negative contributions which include the loss of biodiversity and the increase of greenhouse effect. There are several reasons why deforestation occurs through forest clearance for agricultural expansion is widely believed to be the biggest immediate cause of deforestation in developing countries. The most important cause of deforestation are agricultural expansion, urbanization and infra-structure, poverty, wood and wood products, clear-cutting, corruption and political cause, lack of secured of land and tree tenure policies and frequent fires took the largest share for forest destruction. Deforestation, associated with environmental consequences such as climate change and global warming, soil erosion and land sliding, land degradation, desertification and prolonged drought, human and environmental health and social and economic impacts. There are several management option was taken to overcome the impacts of deforestation through reforestation, afforestation, land and tree tenure and participatory forest management, Reduce population growth and increase per capita incomes and Strengthening research, education and extension are the most applicable options for sustainable forest and biodiversity management.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Climate,Forest, Land degradations,Soil.
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How to cite this article:

Ewnetu Teshale. 2021. The Major Causes of Deforestation and its Management Options in the Case of Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(5): 30-39
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.905.005