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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-5  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Prevalence and Distribution of Wheat Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia
Gizachew Hirpa Regasa1 and Netsanet Bacha Hei2*
1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia,
2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research Head Offices, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Wheat stem rust (black rust) is caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici remains one of the most production constraints in all wheat growing areas of the country and worldwide, causing yield losses of up to 100% during epidemic years. Behaviorally, the pathogen have capacity to blow aerially long distances, fast reproduction of infectious uredospores and ability to evolve new pathotypes/races that makes the management option very challenging task. Therefore, this study was initiated to assess information on the current distribution and prevalence of wheat stem rust in the study area. Purposive multi-stage sampling procedure was used to select major wheat growing zones, districts and peasant associations. Assessment was carried out on 95 wheat farms in 7 districts across the three zones of Tigray region. The results of the study showed that wheat stem rust was 70.53% prevalent across the study areas with significantly (p < 0.01) varied incidence and severity damage among fields, districts, and zones. The mean prevalence of stem rust was 85.55% in Southern, 62.22% in Eastern and 53.33% in Southeast zones. The highest disease incidence of 78.67, 66.5, and 47.33% were recorded in Kilte Awulaelo, Raya Azebo, and Ofla districts, with corresponding severity of 43.67, 35, and 21.93%, respectively. The overall mean incidence and severity of stem rust was 41.84 and 21.36% respectively, which is higher than the previous reports from the region indicated an increase in its distribution and intensity. Therefore, there is a need to develop a coordinated network on the wheat stem rust assessment program for virulence and/or avirulence updated information in the region.

Keywords: Incidence, Prevalence, Puccinia graminis f.sp. tritici, Severity, Stem rust, Wheat.
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How to cite this article:

Gizachew Hirpa Regasa and Netsanet Bacha Hei. 2021. Prevalence and Distribution of Wheat Stem Rust (Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici) in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(5): 68-83
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.905.009