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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-6  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Wheat Breeding Research and Major Achievements in Ethiopia: A Review
Afework Legesse and Admikew Getaneh*
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Bread wheat plays a major role among the few crop species being extensively grown as staple food sources. The historical background of wheat breeding in Ethiopia is briefly reviewed, with due emphasis on varieties released to date. Further, most of the varieties released were either from introduction and/or selection programs; however, the strengthening of the molecular marker assisted selection program is imperative in order to produce varieties which are better suited to changing climatic conditions. Most Wheat improvement is a complicated trait which is controlled by polygenes and their expressions are influenced by various environmental elements. This means that breeding for this trait is so difficult and new molecular methods such as molecular markers, quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping strategies, and expression patterns of genes should be applied to produce improved wheat genotypes. About one hundred ten (110) improved wheat varieties with various desirable characteristics were released for the four major agro ecologies of Ethiopia. However, wheat breeding in Ethiopia still not advanced using the existing genetically diverse wheat resource. Particularly, application of Biotechnology in crop improvement is limited; hence further crop improvement using advanced breeding technology to be considered accordingly.

Keywords: Breeding, Gene, Stress, Variability, Wheat landraces.
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How to cite this article:

Afework Legesse and Admikew Getaneh. 2021. Wheat Breeding Research and Major Achievements in Ethiopia: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(6): 17-27
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.906.004