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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-7  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Review on Methods of Sustaining Soil and Water conservation in Ethiopia
Gemechu Chali* and Zalalem Tamiru
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box 192, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soil and water conservation interventions are first a response to the perceived land degradation problem. Physical Soil and water conservation measures, such as soil bunds with infiltration ditches, stone-faced soil bunds and stone bunds, should be designed to accommodate peak rainfall events. Furthermore, farmer’s participation in conservation work is also considered important in improving the adoption of the recommended technology. The steeper the slope, the more needs the drainage system to be supported by terraces in order to reduce slope length and slope gradient but Bench terraces are level along the contour in dry to moist agro ecological zones, while Stone terraces useful in areas with steep slopes but high population density and scarce land. The combined use of biological and mechanical measures will help in improving and sustaining agricultural productivity. The erosion resisting crops protects soil from beating action of raindrops, reduces runoff velocity. Crop rotation was key principal of conservation agriculture because it improves the soil structure. The contours are simpler and cheaper than graded channel terraces for three reasons. From the types of agronomic practices, intercropping is commonly used in many tropical parts of the world particularly by small-scale traditional farmers.

Keywords: Biological, Conservation, Soil, physical.
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How to cite this article:

Gemechu Chali and Zalalem Tamiru. 2021. Review on Methods of Sustaining Soil and Water conservation in EthiopiaInt.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(7): 34-39
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.907.005