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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-7  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Screening of Soybean Genotypes at Highland Agroecology of Southwestern Ethiopia
Yechalew Sileshi1, 2*, Masresha Yirga1 and Mesfin H. Mariam1
1Ethiopian Institutes of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research, Ethiopia
2National Lowland Oil Crops Research Program Coordinator and Pulse, Oil and Fiber Crops Research Case Team Representative at Jimma Agricultural Research Center, P.O. Box, 192, Jimma, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soybean is becoming an economically important oil crop in Ethiopia. The current production of soybean is lower than the demand in Ethiopia. The population of Ethiopia is highly concentrated in the highland areas and a relatively higher prevalence of under-nutrition are found in the highland areas of the country. Hence evaluating the adaptability of soybean genotypes at highland agroecology is an important option for nutrition security and horizontal production increment. The trial was conducted with 100 soybean genotypes in simple lattice design in the year 2019 main cropping season at Jimma zone, Dedo district, South Western parts of Ethiopia. The parameters collected include; days to flowering, days to maturity, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per plant, hundred seed weight and grain yield. The statistical analysis showed a significant difference at (P<0.05) among the genotypes for most of the parameters. Out of the tested 100 soybean genotypes, about 68 % of the soybean genotypes unable to set seed, only 32% set seed. Mean grain yield ranged from 0.24 t/ha to 1.26 t/ha. The yield performances of the tested soybean genotypes are lower than the national productivity of soybean at the tested location. Hence, in the future, it is good to introduce soybean genotypes adaptive to such high altitude areas from different sources. Furthermore, it is good to lunch a hybridization program to develop varieties for highland areas still, it is good to focus on yield and earliness.

Keywords: Soybean, Evaluation, Frost, Performance.
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How to cite this article:

Yechalew Sileshi, Masresha Yirga and Mesfin H. Mariam. 2021. Screening of Soybean Genotypes at Highland Agroecology of Southwestern Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(7): 66-70
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.907.009