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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-8  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

Epidemiology of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia and its Economic Impact in Ethiopia
Juhar Tesfaye1* and Fekadu Gutema2
1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Werer Agricultural Research Center, Animal Health Research Case Team, Ethiopia
2Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Animal Health Research Case Team, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Livestock production is constrained by many animal diseases including contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in Ethiopia. It is a contagious disease of cattle which causes much economic losses to the country. The causative agent is Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (Mmm SC). It is characterized by respiratory signs such as difficulty in breathing, increased respiratory rate, coughing and nasal discharges. However, it has similar clinical signs with severe pneumonia and cannot be diagnosed only using clinical signs. On the post mortem, it is diagnosed by the presence of marbling, adhesion, yellowish fluid accumulation and sequestrate. Moreover, serological techniques, molecular and microbiological tests should be used to confirm the disease. The present review was conducted to highlights on the spread and financial losses of the disease in Ethiopia. The distribution of outbreaks, seroprevalence studies in Ethiopia and the direct and indirect economic losses were reviewed. Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia has worldwide distribution and endemic in Africa including Ethiopia. Currently different studies reported the impact of the contagious bovine pleuropneumonia in different regions of the country with high prevalence. Based on its effect on the country, it is the second rank of livestock disease next to foot and mouth disease in Ethiopia. The disease has direct and indirect economic impacts which account about 8.96 USD and 2.08 Euro losses per year respectively. Therefore, appropriate preventive and control measures such as vaccination, movement restriction and quarantine should be implemented with coordination of both the regional and federal government of Ethiopia.

Keywords: Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia, Economic impact, Epidemiology, Ethiopia.
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How to cite this article:

Juhar Tesfaye and Fekadu Gutema. 2021. Epidemiology of Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia and its Economic Impact in Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(8): 23-31
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.908.004