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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-8  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Assessment of Challenge and Opportunity of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle in Case of Sayo District West Wollega Zone, Ethiopia
Mohammed Yousuf1* and Getachew Wegari2
1Department of Animal and Range Science, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Dambi Dollo University, Dambi Dollo, Ethiopia
2Kellem Wollega Zone of Livestock and Fishery Resource Office, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study was conducted in Sayo district with the objective of assessing challenges and opportunities of artificial insemination on dairy cattle, to document potential opportunities of artificial insemination, to identify the challenges of artificial insemination and to assess the perception of farmers on the AI technology in the study area. Three kebeles, three were taken purposively and 20 households from each kebele were randomly selected. The data were collected using semi structured questionnaires, interview and direct observation. The reproductive and productive data were analysed statistical software (SAS version 9.3.1 where as other data were analysed by simple descriptive statistics. The result of this finding shows that the overall mean of daily milk and lactation length of dairy cows in the Sayo distinct were5.83+0.82L and 240+18.43 days respectively whereas the overall mean of age at first calving, calving interval and number of service in the study area were 968.42+269.83, 449+22.09 days and 1.93+0.71times respectively. The major challenges raised by the farmer were mainly shortage of technician, poor management, lack of awareness toward AI, heat detection problem, semen quality semen, distance from AI center and inability of AI technician whilst the main opportunity for wide AI use were increasing genetic progress by improving the reproductive rate of the cow such as shorten calving interval, increase lactation length, increase milk production and genetic improvement. There should be an effort/collaboration activity with the near institution to enhance the opportunities more than the current status.

Keywords: Artificial insemination, Challenges, Opportunities, Reproductive and Productive Performance.
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How to cite this article:

Mohammed Yousuf and Getachew Wegari. 2021. Assessment of Challenge and Opportunity of Artificial Insemination on Dairy Cattle in Case of Sayo District West Wollega Zone, Ethiopia.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(8): 62-71
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.908.006