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Abstract                 Volume:9  Issue-8  Year-2021          Original Research Articles


Online ISSN : 2347 - 3215
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcret@gmail.com

The Impact of Mycotoxins on Humans, Animals and Control Strategies: A Review
Mahilet Tadesse*
Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 32, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fusarium is mycelia fungi which can attack field crops and stored agricultural products. This fungus produces mycotoxins which can cause severe disease on cereal grains. The aim of this paper is to review the current status of fusarium, mycotoxins, diseases and control strategies of mycotoxins. First the paper describes about Fusarium mycotoxins and their Occurrence, Major mycotoxins produced by Fusarium, Diseases caused by Fusarium Biosynthesis of Fusarium mycotoxins Economical importance of Fusarium species and impacts of Fusarium mycotoxin on human and animal health. Then it presents about fusarium mycotoxins and also major mycotoxins produced by Fusarium species, such as trichothecens and fumonicins. The impacts of Fusarium mycotoxins on human and animal health and factor contributing for Fusarium invasion are described in detail. The step involved in the biosynthesis of Fusarium mycotoxins such as trichothecens and fumonicins is also outlined. Many control approaches for fusarium contamination such as chemical, biological, molecular and cultural practice explained briefly.

Keywords: Disease, Fungus, Fusarium, mycotoxin, Species.
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How to cite this article:

Mahilet Tadesse. 2021. The Impact of Mycotoxins on Humans, Animals and Control Strategies: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Res.Aca.Rev. 9(8): 82-93
doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcrar.2021.908.008